State of the Nation  2024


Building infrastructure

Sharing stories of impact and change

Water and sanitation

Access to basic services like water and sanitation remains a challenge in some of our communities, especially in the rural parts of the country. There is also an urgent need to address collapsing and dysfunctional infrastructure.

Government recognises these challenges and has been taking steps to improve the planning, development and maintenance of water and sanitation systems.

The results of Census 2022 released on 10 October 2023 show that over four-fifths (82.4%) of households in the country had access to piped water either inside their dwelling or inside their yard.

Further statistics from Census 2022 also indicated that 71% of households had access to flush toilets.

These results are indicative of our commitment to service delivery and the upliftment of the most vulnerable of communities.


A National Water Resources Infrastructure Agency

The National Water Resources Infrastructure Agency will:

  • Ensure the development and operation of systems that are crucial to South Africa’s water security

  • Operate existing dams, canals and pipelines that are currently run by the Department of Water and Sanitation

  • Build new water infrastructure

  • Ensure that large water users like municipalities continue to fund the construction and operation of major water systems

Infrastructure Projects

  • 11 water and sanitation infrastructure projects prioritised

  • R106 billion total value

  • Of these, 4 projects worth R68 billion set to begin in the next two years

Water licence applications

Water licences ensure that this increasingly scarce resource is used fairly and sustainably. (Find out more about water licences here.)

Improved systems have been put in place to speed up the licensing process and ensure that applications are finalised within a revised time frame of 90 days – down from 300 days previously.

Water quality monitoring

The Department of Water and Sanitation (DWS) has re-launched the Blue and Green Drop Certification Programmes, which monitor and manage the quality of drinking and waste water around the country.

This is an important step to ensure that municipalities maintain and improve the state of wastewater treatment and water infrastructure so that safe water is delivered to communities.

Progress on Water Quality

  • An Independent National Water Regulator has been proposed to ensure our water resources are properly managed and that there is no political interference in how water is regulated.

  • The Raw Water Pricing Strategy has been finalised and is ready for publication.

  • South Africa’s water boards are to be reviewed to enhance service delivery of water and sanitation around the country.

Roads and bridges

Welisizwe Rural Bridges Programme

For millions of South Africans in rural areas, roads and bridges provide access to markets, employment opportunities and social services.

We are therefore upscaling the Welisizwe Rural Bridges Programme to deliver 95 bridges a year from the current 14. Our South African National Defence Force (SANDF) is the implementing agent of the programme and has demonstrated the expertise of SANDF engineers in bridge construction.


Rural roads programme

The rural roads programme will use labour-intensive methods to construct or upgrade 685 kilometres of rural road over the next three years. This social enterprise programme includes access roads in Limpopo and Eastern Cape, gravel to surface upgrades in Free State and North West, and capacity and connectivity improvements in the Western Cape.